India’s indigenous nuclear sub makes first patrol

INS Arihant, India’s first indigenous nuclear submarine, has completed its maiden deterrence patrol sending a clear message to the world about the country’ capability to launch nuclear missiles from land, air and sea.

Announcing this “historic” development, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, above, said INS Arihant is a fitting response to those who indulge in nuclear blackmail.

India’s nuclear triad will be a pillar of global peace and stability, Modi tweeted.

However, in a troubled era, a credible nuclear deterrence is essential, Modi said, adding that INS Arihant will protect Indians from potential external threats.

Calling the completion of deterrence patrol of the nuclear submarine a momentous occasion for India, Home Minister Rajnath Singh said it will go a long way in safeguarding the nation’s strategic and security interests.

INS Arihant, which is based on the Russian Akula-1 class submarine, was commissioned in 2016. The 6,000-tonne submarine can fire nuclear ballistic missiles up to a range of 3,500 km. Its 100-member crew received training from Russian specialists.

Scientists at India’s Bhabha Atomic Research Centre played a key role in reducing the size of the reactor to fit it into the hull of the nuclear submarine.

The submarine can remain near the coast of an enemy nation undetected for a long time and fire ballistic missiles deep into its territory which is not possible with land-based short-range ballistic missiles.

India’s big neighbour China has at least 60 diesel-electric attack submarines and ten nuclear attack submarines or nuclear ballistic missile submarines.

Pakistan tested its submarine-launched Babur missile last year. It has land-based ballistic missiles and nuclear bombs.

INS Arihant will help India target missiles anywhere in Pakistan if that country uses its bombs or missiles against it.